battle of antietam worksheet answers
ΩYn֮��o�0 Many of the additional forces that McClellan asked for were held back to deal with the threat created by Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides suffered unprecedented casualties at Shiloh—indeed, more soldiers died in this battle than in all of the nation's previous wars. ��y��̭��j���6.��� Note that all these links may be found at the EDSITEment-reviewed site of the Naval Historical Center. This gave time for the Confederate reinforcements to arrive and for their defenses to be prepared. It was only after the twin Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg that the tide of the war turned; thereafter the war became a slow grind that ultimately exhausted not only the Confederacy's army, but its economy and society as well. On September 14, Confederate units clashed against Union troops at the base of South Mountain, near Sharpsburg. The Battle of Antietam began at around 5:30 on the morning of September 17, 1862, north of the battlefield. Strike him as hard as you can and as often as you can, and keep moving on." You will receive your score and answers at the end. 's' : ''}}. What were the key battles of the war, and what made them important? The morning battle killed almost 13,000 soldiers from both sides before ending at around 10 a.m. ...". In May of that year, General Robert E. Lee won a major victory at the battle of Chancellorsville, which was nonetheless marred by the death of the incomparable "Stonewall" Jackson. V-��KEDjbbxP�DD �o�� �Ĩ�DM��6�� q6�s���=3;�; ��0����61iB�B�@��L|Uv F�B��4��]b9{-,�%:B�O� P^�i�_b+2a�45Xr�tY��� zU�!Qm\�Q��/�LM�;o>��k*\^��d ��QC� 4 0 obj McClellan was replaced by Burnside on November 9. For more information, see "The Campaign for Vicksburg" from the Vicksburg National Military Park, also accessible through "Links to the Past." All you have to do is … NCSS.D2.His.16.9-12. This reopened the Mississippi river to northern commerce and split the Confederacy in half. To find out more, see our cookie policy. 0000206926 00000 n Grant continued to press Lee, accepting massive casualties as long as the Army of the Potomac continued to inflict losses on the Confederates. Lincoln blamed McClellan’s abundance of cautioun and poorly coordinated actions during the battle. Students will place their brochures around the room and be given approximately 15 minutes to walk around and look at their classmates' brochures. While Grant kept Lee occupied in Virginia, General William Tecumseh Sherman, overall commander of Union armies in the West, began his march from Chattanooga to Atlanta, capturing that city in September of 1864. Assign half of the groups Gettysburg and the other half Vicksburg. This brochure should, in a visually attractive manner, answer the questions below and explain why their campaign marked the turning point of the Civil War. The worksheet/quiz duo for this lesson will help you to learn the facts regarding this battle along with the overall impact it had on the Civil War and the nation as a whole. For each battle, complete the information shared in the graphic organizer below. Beginning at around 3 p.m., Burnside and his troops spent more than three hours fighting against Confederate soldiers before they were able to take control and cross the bridge. This brand new product contains three pages with clear and informative content about the Battle Of Antietam that was fought during the American Civil War. With 23,000 casualties, the Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. stream This battle, called Bull Run by Northerners and Manassas by Southerners, pitted a Union force commanded by General McDowell against a Confederate army under Generals P.G.T. 0000056150 00000 n Then, as a class, place these lists on the board. Navy, January 1865, Letter from Captain Gray, C.S. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. Hunley PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of 1861 & 1862 PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Antietam PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Chancellorsville PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Fort Sumter PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Gettysburg PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Ironclads PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Shiloh PowerPoint, Civil War - The Battle Of Spotsylvania PowerPoint, Civil War - The Causes Of The Civil War PowerPoint, Civil War - The Civil War Generals PowerPoint, Civil War - The Civil War Glossary & Terms PowerPoint, Civil War - The Reconstruction Era PowerPoint, Civil War - The Underground Railroad PowerPoint, Civil War - The Union Blockade PowerPoint, Civil War - The Women Of The Civil War PowerPoint, Civil War - Timeline Of The Civil War PowerPoint, Civil War - Weapons & Technology PowerPoint. 0000057779 00000 n The way was now open toward both Vicksburg on the Mississippi River and Chattanooga—the gap through the Appalachian barrier necessary to the capture of Atlanta. The concentration of the combat shifted to the center of the battlefield. Not long afterwards, Johnston surrendered to Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina. Using the interactive Civil War map, have students, in pairs, select a battle to research. Get at him as soon as you can. However, due to poor coordination, the Battle of Antietam had three phases instead – the morning, midday, and afternoon phases. Thousands of volumes have been written about the Civil War. The primary goal in the West was to penetrate deep into the Confederate heartland, opening the way to Chattanooga and Atlanta and gaining control of the Mississippi River. This blockade not only prevented the Confederates from capitalizing on their most important export—cotton—but it also prevented them from importing much-needed arms and supplies from abroad. 0000099320 00000 n NCSS.D2.His.3.9-12. This brutal "total war" strategy was designed to break southerner's will to resist. To conclude, as a large group have students discuss which of the two campaigns really turned the tide of the war. Navy, March 8, 1862, Report of Flag-Officer Buchanan, Commander of CSS, Report of Lieutenant Higginson, U.S. Navy, February 18, 1864, Report of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, U.S. Navy, February 19, 1864, U.S. Navy Interrogation of George L. Shipp, Confederate deserter, regarding the Hunley, January 8, 1864, Notes from papers of First Engineer Tomb, C.S. Discuss these with students pointing out that total war, while commonplace today, was a new and frightening part of war during this time period. After Union forces broke the Confederate lines defending Petersburg, Lee abandoned Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy, and made a bid to escape to the west in the hope of linking up with what remained of Joe Johnston's Army of Tennessee in North Carolina. On May 4, 1864, a year after the bloodletting at Chancellorsville, the Army of the Potomac under command of Meade, but with Grant making his headquarters "in the field" with the army, once again plunged into The Wilderness, initiating a bloody campaign unlike any that had gone before. Military historians consider the Battle of Antietam a stalemate. How did the result of this campaign contribute to the overall victory of the Union in the Civil War? Services, Who Was General Robert E. Lee? French’s 5,500 soldiers fought against Hill’s soldiers. A - Bull Run, Virginia; 2. Emancipation Proclamation; 14. <]>> A Union army under the command of Major General Ulysses S. Grant and a naval flotilla under Flag Officer Andrew Foote began this process by capturing Forts Henry and Donelson, on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers respectively, in February of 1862. In this activity students will learn about several important engagements by studying the ships that participated in them. 0000052927 00000 n As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 lessons in math, These objectives will be covered in detail: {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | You might also enjoy our Civil War Content Sheets, Worksheets and Answer Keys! I can make the march and make Georgia howl. EDSITEment is a project of theNational Endowment for the Humanities, significance of Antietam with the History Channel video below, Virtual Tour of the Gettysburg National Military Park, Educators Resources of the National Archives, above video excerpt from the Ken Burns series on the civil war, PDF "The Turning Points: Gettysburg and Vicksburg", History Channel video on Sherman's March to Savannah, on pages 1–5 of the PDF Document for this activity "Total War", Excerpt from the Journal of the Senate of the State of Georgia, 1865, Letter to James C. Calhoun (from W.T. These are ready-to-use Battle of Antietam worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Battle of Antietam during the American Civil War which took place at Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. Biological and Biomedical TE U.S CIVIL WAR EVENTS MAP SCAVENGER UNT NAME: DATE: PART 1 PART 2 Complete the map on “Pin” mode 3 times and and record your scores below. 0000029347 00000 n Subsequently, Sherman launched his famous "march to the sea," abandoning any reliance on lines of supply and living off the land. In this activity, students will create a promotional guide for either the Vicksburg or Gettysburg National Military Park, explaining why that particular campaign deserves to be considered the true turning point of the Civil War. Difficult terrain and strong Confederate defense made it difficult for Burnside and his men to travel to and cross the bridge. This brand new product contains three pages with clear and informative content about the Battle Of Antietam that was fought during the American Civil War. (In other words, the fact that the victories occurred not only at about the same time in two different theatres of war, but also the symbolism of the Northern victory at Vicksburg happening on July 4.). 0000035549 00000 n This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Sign Me Up, Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members.To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Lincoln was also dismayed that McClellan did not do anything to stop Lee and his troops from retreating. How might the course of the war have been different if the Confederates had won this campaign? The Battle of Antietam was the single bloodiest day in American history, but what could have been a decisive Union victory was instead merely a tactical draw, and Lee successfully retreated across the Potomac. 239 0 obj <> endobj From the North Woods, Union soldiers under Major General Joseph Hooker attacked Confederate lines through a cornfield. NCSS.D2.His.2.9-12. McClellan did nothing to stop Lee and his troops because he thought that he had already accomplished his mission of driving Lee’s troops out of Maryland and preventing Confederate victory on Union territory.

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